A Brief Guide to Bulgaria and Eastern Europe

Bulgaria is an ethnic mosaic country with varied terrains including a rugged mountainous interior, Black Sea coast and beautiful rivers, such as the Danube. A cultural mosaic with Greek, Slavic, Ottoman and Persian influences, it shares a rich ancient heritage of architectural, literature, dance, crafts, and costumes. In the past, Sofia was ruled by powerful empires. During the 19th Century, Bulgaria was united with the help of the United States and other like-minded nations.


It is one of the youngest countries of Europe and is the fourth fastest growing country of the former Yugoslavia. It has a unique position in the region due to its location on the crossroads of East Aegean and Mediterranean Seas. Its position gave it the richest deposits of Black Sea salt and Black Sea mineral deposits. This unique positioning and mineral resources have made Bulgaria an attractive tourist destination.

Bulgaria has a wide variety of attractions attracting tourists from all over the world. Cities of Sofia and Paphos form the heart of Bulgaria. The towns are full of old monuments, medieval streets, modern shopping centers and modern residential houses. Bulgaria’s most popular landmark is the Blue Ridge Mountains, which stretches from the Black Sea coast to the foothills of the Rhodope Mountains. Other popular destinations include the medieval town of Dobrinishte, the largest Gothic town in Europe, the Roman Catholic Church of St. Nicholas and the National Gallery in Sofia.

Close to the heart of Bulgaria is the Romania’s capital of Bucharest, known as the “capital of Romania”. The city is also home of Romania’s national museum, the Palace of the Bulgarian Orthodox Metropolitan Archiving Complex and Romania’s national football team, the Romania international team. A visit to the Black Sea coast is another popular way of seeing bulgaria and its beautiful beaches. The sea shoreline is lined with white sand and dotted with numerous pristine and sandy resorts.

Overlooking the Adriatic sea from the coast of bulgaria is the picturesque region of Transylvania. The mountains of Transylvania are a perfect escarpment for skiing enthusiasts. Other popular activities in Transylvania include riding, hiking and cycling. In fact, Transylvania is considered to be one of the most well-traveled places in the European Union. A visit to the towns of Cernavoda, Sighiso and Populik can be thoroughly enjoyable, as well as the region’s great museums.

A must see on your trip to bulgaria would be the world heritage sites in Romania. The archipelago of Transylvania boasts a number of unique historical monuments including a church built by the Ottoman sultan Abdulhamit II and a World Heritage Site known as the Rila Monastery. Travelers to bulgaria should also try to visit the Branikova Cave, where the world’s oldest known painting was found, a testament to the ingenuity and imagination of the human species. The caves also offer a glimpse into the traditions and culture of Bulgars, the people that inhabited the steppes of Transylvania long before the Christian era.

Travelers to bulgaria should not leave out an opportunity to explore the many spectacular mountain ranges surrounding the country. Some of the most awe-inspiring mountains to climb in Europe are the Dolomites, which have earned Bulgaria an award from the European paragons; the Rhodope Mountains, which are also a popular trekking destination; and theban-Taj Mountains, which are famous for their thick forests and wonderful scenery. Itineraries designed to hike through these mountains can provide hikers with a beautiful and unforgettable experience.

Bulgaria’s European community has made travel to Bulgaria even easier, with cheap flights and accommodation available from many different countries. Travellers can enjoy the benefits of low-cost accommodation and travel benefits such as exchange rate differences between European countries, discounts on tourist products, and souvenir shops in Sofia. Sofia has been a popular tourist destination for years, so finding affordable accommodation and a good exchange rate is no hassle for holiday makers. Traveling to bulgaria shouldn’t be a problem either, with a host of cheap flight options available from many different countries.