Carbon disulfide is a skin irritant that causes pain, redness, and blisters, especially on mucous membranes. Consider gastric lavage with a small nasogastric NG tube if: 1 a large dose has been ingested; 2 the patient is evaluated within 30 minutes; 3 the patient has oral lesions or persistent esophageal discomfort; and 4 the lavage can be administered within 1 hour of ingestion. Print this handout only. Immediately consult an ophthalmologist for patients who have suspected severe corneal injuries. Acute exposure to high concentrations of carbon disulfide may result in rapid onset of both local irritation and concentration-dependent increased severity of neurological symptoms such as nausea, dizziness, headache, delusions, hallucinations, delerium, mania, psychosis, blurred vision, convulsions, and coma. Most potential for exposure comes from its use in the rayon-producing industry. Children may be more vulnerable to gas exposure because of higher minute ventilation per kg and failure to evacuate an area promptly when exposed. There is no antidote for carbon disulfide.
Low-level exposures to. Hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) is a colorless, flammable gas that has strong odor of rotten eggs.
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H2 S poisoning is a rarity, mainly observed in. Initial treatment of hydrogen sulfide exposure requires immediate removal of the victim from the contaminated area into a ventilated/fresh-air.
Odors of pure or commercial grades of carbon disulfide usually provide adequate warning of hazardous concentrations.
Evaluate and support the airways, breathing, and circulation as in ABC Reminders above. If pain or injury is evident, continue irrigation while transferring the victim to the Critical Care Area.
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Because carbon disulfide can cause burns, ED staff should don chemical-resistant jumpsuits e. After the patient has been decontaminated, no special protective clothing or equipment is required for ED personnel. General Information Description At room temperature, carbon disulfide is a very flammable liquid that readily evaporates when exposed to air.
In the acute pulmonary responses, the lungs are primarily affected by toxicity. Thus, this . The major route of hydrogen sulfide exposure is inhalation.
Victims who have undergone decontamination or have been exposed only to carbon disulfide vapors pose no serious risk of secondary contamination to rescuers. Provide supplemental oxygen if cardiopulmonary compromise is suspected. Acute exposure to carbon disulfide vapors can be irritating to the eye, mucous membranes, and respiratory epithelium. Environmental Health Substances Map.
Treatment is supportive of respiratory and cardiac function. Quickly establish a patent airway, ensure adequate respiration and pulse.
Carbon disulfide is a genotoxin, inducing mutations in bacteria and human cells.
Special Research Report • Hydrogen Sulfide Suicide. SOLVING. Protection against hydrogen sulfide exposure: • Air must . . Synonyms include carbon bisulfide, carbon sulfide, and odor, characteristic of hydrogen sulfide (a contaminant of technical grade carbon disulfide). Acute exposure to carbon disulfide vapors can be irritating to the eye.
Consider appropriate management of anxiety in victims with chemically-induced acute disorders, especially children who may suffer separation anxiety if separated from a parent or other adult.
Patients who are comatose, hypotensive, or are having cardiac arrhythmias should be treated according to established emergency department protocols. It is also used as an insecticide. Carbon disulfide is a skin irritant that causes pain, redness, and blisters, especially on mucous membranes. Inhaling carbon disulfide causes irritation to the nose, eyes, throat, and lungs. Acute exposure to carbon disulfide vapors can be irritating to the eye, mucous membranes, and respiratory epithelium.
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|Cigarette smoking can exacerbate pulmonary injury and should be discouraged for 72hours after exposure.
Routine laboratory studies include chest radiography, electrocardiogram, blood chemistry, and arterial blood gases.
Most potential for exposure comes from its use in the rayon-producing industry. Handle burned skin with caution. These symptoms are dependent upon both exposure concentration and duration and may occur following inhalation, oral, or dermal exposure.
Flush exposed or irritated eyes with copious amounts of tepid water for at least 15 minutes.